The law protects minors in many ways when it comes to employment. Since the end of child labor, the treatment of underage workers has become incredibly important.
If you will hire individuals who are not yet 18 years old, you need to understand the legal requirements, including any work permits.
The entertainment industry has many exceptions to minor work laws. For example, the State of California Department of Industrial Relations explains you may employ children as young as 15 days old. However, to legally do so, you and the child must have proper work permits.
In any situation where you will employ a minor, you need to seek a permit to employ from the Labor Commissioner. You must have this permit regardless of the type of work and its intended use. You and the child must have valid permits if the child is under the age of 18.
Permit to Employ and Work
In any industry, all minors under 18 years old must secure a Permit to Employ and Work from the state. The worker must have this permit prior to the first day of work.
This type of permit will usually come from the school the child attends regardless of whether school is in session or not. You and the guardian or parent of the minor must sign the completed form and return it to the school. The school will then issue the permit. A child must get a new permit every school year as they expire five days after the start of each school year.
You could face harsh penalties if you or the child fails to get the required permit.